Explicit Model

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An explicit Model is a consciously articulated, interpretive description of a target System that can be the object of the modelling system’s attention.This is in contracts to Implicit Models.

Explicit models are built from Concepts and thus systems of concepts. As such, they can take various forms,

for example, texts, diagrams, plots of empirical data, objects, or mathematical equations. These “external representations” are tools in terms of which the model is expressed.Bailer-Jones (2009), 186

A typical external representation of an explicit model is a Theory.

In biological systems, explicit models have evolved for offline reasoning:

[I]f the organism carries a ‘small-scale model’’ of external reality and of its own possible actions within its head, it is able to try out various alternatives, conclude which is the best of them, react to future situations before they arise, utilise the knowledge of past events in dealing with the present and future, and in every way to react in a much fuller, safer, and more competent manner to the emergencies which face it.Craik (1943), 61


Concept Mapping

What Concept Mapping is a tool for collaborative Sensemaking.

Implicit Model

An implicit Model is an evolved, embodied representation of a System’s Environment.


Knowledge of something is “the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject”.


A model is a simplified representation of a System.

Revolutions Try to Force Systems into Imaginary Attractors

All political revolutionaries imagine a future constellation of their society and, if and when they succeed in disrupting the old system, use Power to implement the new one.

Scale Free Abstraction

We want a Sensemaking Framework that helps maximise scope, detail, and cognitive efficiency of Sensemaking.

Sensemaking Framework

A framework for Sensemaking provides Concepts to facilitate building more useful[^useful] Explicit Models[^models].


We make sense of the world in order to act in it.

Strategy Is a Learning Process

Strategy is de facto always an iterative learning process, even if this is often not made explicit and information gaps between iterations make it less effective and efficient.

Strategy Is Based on Models

Every Strategy is based on an (implicit or explicit) assessment of the situation, i.


Technology is “a collection of phenomena [or effects] captured and put to use”, “a programming of phenomena to our purposes”; a “purposed system”.


A theory is the description of an Explicit Model using Concepts or, in advanced sciences, mathematical equations.